The development of networks with the arrival of the internet in 1990 and web 2.0 in the 2000s is the legitimate extension of IS that is migrating more and more from a centralized to the decentralized platform. In a globalized economy where the competitive environment is increasingly important, openness and responsiveness appear to be key success factors. The best approach for integrating a cloud computing infrastructure is first and foremost to understand the expectations and priorities of the company concerned. Depending on their size, sector, workforce, and results, the appropriate services will be different.
As for adoption engines, they are numerous and identical to all companies. In their micro and macroeconomic systems, companies are under increasing pressure from one point of view:
From the user: IT has revolutionized the way we live every day. Electronic technologies and devices are now available to everyone. Increasing competitive intensity is driving suppliers to innovate and lower their prices.
We all have the possibility to use a computer, a smartphone or a tablet connected to the Internet for our work or to our entourage. This factor is important because we observed a new form of communication. With the growth and use of social networks, we are looking for sharing and mobility. The development of these services is accessible through cloud computing applications (Google doc, Skydrive, Facebook …). We can, therefore, consult our data very quickly and those at any time of the day. Le Figaro published on January 11, 2012, “Consumerization is the ability of employees to bring their electronic equipment to their workplace. ”
cloudEconomic: In a difficult economic context, companies are forced to reduce their operating budget. Yet the demands of customers and suppliers are increasing. IT services must do better with less. This pursuit of excellence is a well-known phenomenon in times of crisis as competition becomes more difficult and market uncertainty makes decisions more complex. This context is conducive to cloud computing that offers business leaders and/or CIOs the opportunity to improve flexibility and mobility within their organization while reducing their investments.
cloud saas kingEnvironmentale: The environment of the company is in perpetual evolution. To remain competitive, the notions of flexibility, economies of scale and information are key factors at the heart of the company’s strategy.
Every entrepreneur and manager wants to respond quickly to an unexpected event in the market (increased productivity, data archiving problem …). Many companies now decentralize all or part of their IS. Outsourcing of services has become an essential option in our society over the years. We pay for services (electricity, telephone subscription …). Managers want to control their expenses (fixed and variable) in order to increase their margins. With the development of the cloud, the entrepreneur no longer wishes to invest several thousand euros in an untapped server. His choice will surely turn to rent space from a cloud provider.
From a business perspective, the cloud brings together several key success factors that we list in a comprehensive manner below:
Free the company from all technical constraints and technologies
Offers scalable and flexible services
Shared resources to reduce usage costs
A personalized account to trace consumption
Ease of use
Economies of scale
Automation and internal process improvement
We will end this article with an analysis of the firm IDC “12% of French companies today are equipped with a cloud infrastructure. This figure should be doubled in the next three years. “Dsi, entrepreneur, auto-entrepreneur, the cloud is running.